Here’s what you need
- Backpack of 30 liters or more
- 3 1-liter water bottles or Camelback Backpack
- Sleeping bag rated to 20 degrees
- Medications, prescription and non-prescription
- Small towel and washcloth
- Flashlight or headlamp
We will provide a heavy-duty, 4,100-cubic-inch trail duffel, Thermarest sleeping pad, tents and communal camping gear. The guide carries a hand-pump water filter; all drinking water is filtered and treated with iodine.
Weight Restriction: Packhorses carry up to 30 pounds of your personal gear. If your packed duffel exceeds 30 pounds in weight (including sleeping bag and pad) at the trailhead, you will have to transfer excess weight from your duffel to your daypack.
Rental sleeping bag: $35. We provide mummy-style, winter-weight synthetic-fill sleeping bags, with sheet liners. We launder the liners between each trek. If you are taller than six feet, please request an extra-long bag.
- Hiking boots with sturdy soles
- Hiking socks, four pairs
- Warm hat
- Sun-blocking hat (baseball cap)
- Base top layer (wicking t-shirts)
- Heavy layer (sweater or fleece)
- Pants, hiking shorts
- Long underwear/thermals
- Waterproof jacket
- Casual wear for Cusco
- All accommodations (double/triple occupancy is standard— single available)
- Meals as outlined in itinerary
- Transportation from Cusco Airport to Hotel
- Half day cultural tour in Cusco
- All trail fees
- Machu Picchu entry fee
- Local naturalist guide, cooks and wranglers
- Rail transportation from Machu Picchu to Cusco
- International airfare to Cusco
- Optional activities in Cusco
- Tips for guides, cooks and wranglers
- Lunches and dinners in Cusco
The ideal travel plan will have you taking the redeye on the evening the night before your first day of the trip, arriving in Lima the next morning. The first day is scheduled to be a relaxing day in Cusco while your body acclimatizes. Even if you choose to take a nap to make up for lost sleep on the redeye, your body will be getting used to the higher elevation. On the return flight, you can either book a flight in the morning of the last day to get home on the same day, or spend more time in Cusco and take the redeye back.
Once you book your flights, email Discover Outdoors your itinerary and we will coordinate your transfers.
Expect a wide range of temperature and precipitation on your program. In high mountain environments, you must be prepared for inclement weather at any time. Even at mid-day, if clouds obscure the sun, the temperature cools dramatically. Cusco has well-defined seasons. From June to September, while Andean winter days are typically sunny and warm, the temperature can drop to below freezing (27°F/-3°C) at night in our high camps. Rain seldom falls during winter. From January to March, the Andean summer months offer daytime temperatures to 85°F/30°C, milder nights (typically to 45°F/8°C) and plenty of rain. Despite some rain, December and April are among our favorite months for trekking, since the mountains are lush with summer flowers and you enjoy plenty of sunshine. Departures during Andean spring (October through December) and autumn (April and May) offer weather patterns intermediate between these seasonal extremes.
Accommodations in Cusco
During your first two nights, you will stay in a luxury hotel nestled in the heart of Cusco. Here you will experience the unparalleled sensation of living in a cozy, rustic Andean hotel where every detail is special. Located just a block-and-a-half from the Main Square of Cusco, the hotel is surrounded by restaurants, bars, discotheques, jewelers and stores, providing easy access to the most important tourist attractions such as Koricancha Temple and the Cathedral of Cusco. The hotel provides all modern amenities such as internet access, full laundry service and traditional peruvian breakfasts.
On the Moonstone Trail
On the Moonstone trail you will be treated like royalty by a full staff of guides, cooks and wranglers. Upon arrival at your camp site each evening, your high-quality tent will be waiting for you. Inside your tent you will find your bags already placed with your bedroll and sleeping bag nicely laid out. Perfectly timed by the professional staff, a bowl of hot water will be placed outside your tent so you can freshen up before dinner.
With the best guides in the industry, we are eager to ensure your experience is memorable and worry-free. Trained to anticipate your needs, you will quickly notice how the staff addresses every detail, so you do not have to. Wholesome meals on the trek are prepared with only the freshest ingredients. You will wonder how such marvelous entrees are even created in the remote parts of the Andes.
Your trail duffel and the heavy camp gear is carried by packhorses; you walk carrying only a day-pack.
Traveling to Peru
The thin air of the Andes highlands will take some adjustment. The lower supply of oxygen at high elevations makes exercising more difficult, and you may experience shortness of breath during hikes. Bare in mind that predisposition to altitude sickness does not correlate to an individual’s level of fitness. The altitude in this area can prove challenging no matter what shape you’re in. If you’re not yet feeling acclimated when the trip begins, we suggest taking it easy, eating light meals, drinking lots of water and avoiding alcohol. Usually, it takes no more than a day or two to feel comfortable at higher elevations.
The combination of high altitude and strenuous exercise greatly increases your body’s need for fluids. It is extremely important to drink lots of liquids to prevent heatstroke and dehydration. It’s a good idea to consume at least three liters of water per day and to drink as often as possible – don’t wait until you are thirsty!
Although there are no health entry requirements for visiting Peru, it’s best to check with your doctor regarding vaccinations for typhoid fever, hepatitis A and yellow fever. Also be sure that your diphtheria-tetanus vaccination is up to date. At this time, there is no malaria risk in highland Peru. If you plan to spend time before or after your trip in other parts of South America, particularly in lowland jungle areas you should consider taking preventive drugs. We are not doctors. Please check with yours on all pre-trip recommendations.
One of the most common health risks for visitors to Peru is “traveler’s diarrhea,” which can be caused by bacteria, parasites or viruses transmitted through food or water. Despite precautions taken at our hotels and in all the food preparation, you can expect to experience one or more days of “discomfort” while in Peru due to your body’s unfamiliarity with local bacteria. There are many over-the-counter remedies and antibiotics available in Cuzco to relieve upset stomachs, but it’s also a good idea to bring some with you.
It is usually risky to purchase food from street vendors. If you purchase fruit or vegetables from street vendors, we recommend buying products that you can peel or wash in purified water, and always wash your hands before eating.
For more specific information on health precautions for travel in Peru, consult your doctor, the Peruvian Consulate in your area or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov.
Peru is generally a safe and pleasant place but as with any destination, it’s important to be aware of possible hazards. Violent crime is almost unheard of in the regions we visit. In the rare instances crime does occur, it’s usually petty theft. Most instances of pick-pocketing occur in Lima and Cuzco. To limit your susceptibility, we suggest you always travel with at least one other person when going out, and that you avoid flaunting jewelry, cameras, expensive watches and other items that may be tempting to a thief.
The standard unit of currency in Peru is the nuevo sol (PEN). Bills are in denominations of 10, 20, 50 and 100. The sol is divided into 100 centimos and coins are issued in .05, .10, .20, .50 and 1 denominations. At the time of this printing (April, 2018) US $1.00 = 3.23 PEN.
Credit cards are accepted in Cuzco. Visa is the most widely accepted credit card. ATM’s are also available in Cuzco and Lima. At service charge is typically added to credit card purchases or travelers’ checks. It is advised that you check with your bank prior to the trip and inform them of your whereabouts.
From March through October, standard time in Peru is the same as U.S. Central Time.
Peru’s electricity runs on a 220-volt, 60 cycle current. North America’s electricity runs on a 110- to 120-volt current. All outlets are of the parallel two-pronged flat or round type. A current converter and outlet adapter are necessary if you plan to bring electrical devices. Converter/adapter kits are available at travel, electronics or hardware stores.
A valid passport along with evidence of return or onward flight is required for U.S. citizens traveling to Peru. A visa is not required for tourists, provided you are staying in the country no longer than 90 days.
To ensure you have the most current information on entry requirements is to contact the Peruvian Embassy in Washington D.C. at 202-833-9860, www.peruvianembassy.us, or your nearest Peruvian Consulate, http://peru.usembassy.gov.
The Machu Picchu trek does not require technical climbing skills or experience. It does, however, require a minimum level of physical fitness. We strongly encourage our hikers to experience hiking long days, particularly up and down steep hills, since this is much of what you will experience in Peru. Those who are in good shape are more likely to enjoy the views along the trail. Give yourself adequate time to prepare, particularly if this form and intensity of exercise is new. For three days a week, focus on an hour or more of aerobic exercise such as running, cycling, swimming, etc. Gym equipment such as stairmasters and rowing machines can supplement cardiovascular training. Day hikes or other longer endeavors will help you prepare for the endurance required for this trip. Carrying a 20 to 30 pound pack uphill on trails or stadium steps will simulate the real climb better than anything. Lifting moderate weights to increase core body, leg, and arm strength is also a good idea. Focus on quads and hamstrings—legs need strength and endurance. Being generally fit and having some solid stamina for long days is the overall goal.
As you will be spending quite a bit of time at altitudes higher than what you likely normally experience, high altitude considerations are necessary to ensure a successful trip. Most time is spent between 10,000 and 13,000 feet with some days even higher. Our highest point of the trip is a mountain pass at an elevation of 15,170 feet. If you are interested in taking medication to offset the impact of altitude, please talk to your doctor about Diamox or other options.
To help your body adjust to the thinner and drier air, you must first hydrate. Drinking enough water markedly improves athletic performance and helps to prevent acute mountain sickness. Before and during your hike, aim for at least 3 liters of water a day and make sure your water is readily accessible. During the ascent, hydration systems like Camelbacks, or a water bottle on your hip will provide easy access to your water. Sport drink mixes like Gatorade are also recommended; they promote drinking and help replenish electrolytes. Avoid too much alcohol and caffeine, as these have the effect of dehydrating your body. If you have never been to high altitude before, do not worry, everyone has a first time. Keep your guide posted on any physical symptoms you may be experiencing. If you have had trouble with altitude in the past, please let us know ahead of time and consult with your physician before you come.
This trip is ideal for adventurers who want to explore new trails, new cultures and who enjoy the challenge of hiking at altitude. We recommend this trip for participants who have a moderate to high level of fitness. Those new to hiking are welcome to inquire. Our DO staff will give you tips for training so you can maximize your enjoyment on the trail.